- Names of Individuals
Examples: Ashley Lee, Nathan M. Sperry
Only capitalize when personally addressing an individual.
Examples: “May I have a snack, Mother?” asked Bryan. Bryan’s mother nodded her head and went to the kitchen. I had dinner with Uncle Joe last night.Sarah had dinner with her uncle last night.
- Titles, ranks, etc.
Examples: Professor McNulty, President Obama, the Queen of Denmark, Dr. Parker
2. Geographical locations:
Only capitalize in specific names.
- Cities, nations, countries, continents, etc.
Boston, the United Kingdom, South America
- Mountains, bodies of water
The Gobi Desert is larger than the deserts in California.
- Compass directions
We’re leaving the Northwest and moving down south.
3. Days of the week, months, holidays
Seasons are not capitalized.
Next Monday is the first day of winter.
4. Celestial bodies:
Only capitalize earth , moon, sun when other celestial bodies are appearing in the sentence.
How far is Earth from the Sun?
The sun is a star.
5. Historical events and eras
the Ice Age, the Great Depression, World War II
6. Races, nationalities, languages
Asians, Swedes, Swedish
7. Religions and religious terms
Allah, Buddha, Christianity, God
- Books, newspapers, magazines
Things Fall Apart, Seattle Times, National Geographic
- TV shows, movies
Game of Thrones, Breakfast at Tiffany’s
- Musical compositions
Canon in D Major, Strawberry Fields Forever
9. Organizations and brand names
American Lung Association, Toyota, Microsoft